Dr. Chandish R. Ballal
Director
E-mail :chandishballal.nbaii@gmail.com
Fax:918023411961
Phone:+918023414220, +918023511998 Extn. 321/ Res: 080-25291196
Qualification M. Sc. M. Phil, Ph. D (Agricultural Entomology)
Specialization Biological Control-Mass Production and evaluation of potential parasitoids and predators; with special reference to beneficial like trichogrammatids, scelionids, braconids, ichneumonids, anthocorids and predatory mites
Professional Experience 31 years
Publications 220
Training (International) and (National)
Underwent US-AID funded training at USA from August to November, 1990 - on integrated pest management at the University of California, Davis and on biological control and rearing techniques at the Texas A & M University, Texas and at the USDA laboratories at Weslaco, Texas and Gainesville, Florida, USA.
XXI Foundation course on Agricultural Research Management from 28th August 1985 to 10th January, 1986 at National Academy of Agricultural Research Management, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad
Attended the Management Training for Women Scientists at NAARM, Hyderabad between 1st May to 6th May, 2000
Attended the CAS Training at TNAU, Coimbatore from 06.11.02 to 26.11.02.
Recognition
Recipient of the Professor T. N. Ananthakrishnan Award 2006 for the contributions made in the field of biological control.
Received the Dr S. Sithanantham Bio-control Award for 2010-11 on the 25th April, 2012 during the “National Symposium on Plant Protection in Horticultural Crops: Emerging Challenges and Sustainable Pest Management” held at IIHR, Bangalore (25th to 28th April, 2012).
Received NBAIR Scientific Excellence Award 2015.
Received ICAR Panjabrao Deshmukh Outstanding Woman Agricultural Scientist Award 2015.
Received partial travel grants from CSIR, ICAR and the organizers - Beijing Academy of Sciences for attending and presenting a research paper at the International Symposium on mass production and commercialization of arthropod biological control agents, October, 21-24, 2011, Beijing, China.
Conferred with the Fellowship of Association for Advancement of Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems (AAPMHE) on the 25th April, 2012 during the “National Symposium on Plant Protection in Horticultural Crops: Emerging Challenges and Sustainable Pest Management” held at IIHR, Bangalore (25th to 28th April, 2012).
First rank holder for M Phil (Zoology) under Calicut University
Won the best paper award for a paper based on Ph D work. Ballal, C. R. and Singh, S. P. (2001). Comparative studies on pheromone trap catches of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) in sunflower and pigeonpea ecosystems. pp. 177-179. In Biological Control - Contributed papers - Proceedings of Symposium  on Biocontrol Based Pest Management for Quality Crop Protection in the Current Millennium (July 18-19, 2001) at PAU, Ludhiana  (Eds. Darshan Singh, M. S. Mahal, A. S. Sohi, V. K. Dilawari, K. S. Brar and S. P. Singh), 224 pp.
Admitted as the Fellow of Society for Biocontrol Advancement (FSBA) on 26th May, 2006.
Won the best paper award for a paper based on Ph D student's work. Gupta, T. and Ballal, C. R.(2006). Feeding preference of anthocorid predators for parasitised and un-parasitised eggs.Presented at The National Symposium on sucking pests Held at Institute of Agricultural Technologists, Bangalore on June 26th  and 27th, 2006
Brief Achievements
Developed protocols for continuous production of Helicoverpa armigera by designing rearing units/structures, and overcoming problems of in-breeding depression and cannibalism
Standardised procedures for continuous rearing of ichneumonid parasitoids by identifying the optimum conditions for rearing, designing the cages and defining methods for alleviating the male-biased sex ratio problem
Developed technology for continuous production of anthocorid predators. Protocols have been standardized for four potential  anthocorid predators
Standardised mass multiplication methods for host insects like Chilo partellus, Helicoverpa armigera, Spodoptera litura and Spodoptera exigua. A multi-cellular tray was designed for rearing of S. litura and H. armigera and these trays have been supplied  to insectaries, mass production units and research laboratories. The cost of production of the host insects have been documented.
Succeeded in quarantine screening three exotic parasitoids larval parasitoids - Cotesia kazak, Hyposoter didymator and Diadegma semiclausum (from Taiwan).
Conducted in-depth basic studies on ichneumonid parasitoids like Campoletis chlorideae and Eriborus argenteopilosus, braconid  parasitoids like Cotesia kazak, Chelonus blackburni, encyrtid parasitoids like Copidosoma koehleri, scelionid parasitoids like  Telenomus remus and on different species of Trichogrammatids. The basic studies were focused on understanding the optimum  conditions for rearing and storage, identifying the ideal host insect for rearing and methods to maintain the quality of the bio-agents. Evaluated the behaviour and parasitising/predatory efficiency of parasitoids and predators in the net house and field conditions on  different crops to standardize dosage and frequency of releases
Host plant preference studies have led to the identification of the host plants on which the natural enemy would be most effective
Interaction studies between natural enemies have led to the identification of the dominant or most effective species when two occur  together in an ecosystem
Conducted studies on the population dynamics of H. armigera and its natural enemies in different crop ecosystems.
Selected Publications
Yamada, K., Ballal, C. R., Gupta, T. and Poorani, J. (2010) Description of a new species of Anthocoris (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) from southern India, associated with striped mealybug on purple orchid tree. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 50(2): 415-424.
Gupta, T., Ballal, C. R. and Joshi, S. (2011) Preferential feeding of an anthocorid predator Blaptostethus pallescens on different stages of cotton mealybug. Journal of Environmental Entomology 33(4): 423-428
Ballal, C. R., Gupta, T. and Joshi, S. (2012) Predatory potential of two indigenous anthocorid predators on Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley and Paracoccus marginatus Williams and Granara de Willink. Journal of Biological Control 26(1): 18-22
Ballal, C. R., Gupta, T. and Joshi, S. (2012) Production protocols for and storage efficacy of an anthocorid predator Cardiastethus exiguus Poppius. Journal of Environmental Entomology 34(1): 50-56.
Ballal, C. R., Gupta, T., Joshi, S. and Chandrashekhar, K. 2009. Evaluation of an anthocorid predator Blaptostethus pallescens against two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae. Integrated Control in Protected Crops. IOBC / WPRS Bulletin Castane C. and Perdikis, D. (Eds) 49: 127-132.
Ballal, C. R., Srinivasan, R. and Jalali, S. K. 2009. Evaluation of an endosulfan tolerant strain of Trichogramma chilonis on cotton. Biocontrol 54(6): 723-732.
Ballal, C. R. and Singh, S. P. 2006. Effect of two host plants of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) on the feeding potential of three chrysopid predators – Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens), Mallada boninensis (Okomoto) and Mallada astur (Banks). Entomon, 31: 113-119.
Ballal, C. R., Srinivasan, R. and Chandrashekhar B. 2005. Evaluation of quality of Trichogramma chilonis Ishii from different production units in India. Journal of Biological Control 19: 1-8.
Ballal, C. R. and Singh, S. P. 2003. The effectiveness of Trichogramma chilonis Ishii, Trichogramma pretiosum Riley and Trichogramma brasiliense (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) as parasitoids of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) and redgram (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.). Biocontrol Science and Technology, 13: 231-240