| Training (International) and (National)|
|Underwent US-AID funded training at USA from August to November, 1990 - on
integrated pest management at the University of California, Davis and on
biological control and rearing techniques at the Texas A & M University,
Texas and at the USDA laboratories at
Weslaco, Texas and Gainesville, Florida, USA.
|XXI Foundation course on Agricultural
Research Management from 28th August 1985 to 10th January, 1986 at
National Academy of Agricultural Research Management, Rajendranagar,
|Attended the Management Training for Women
Scientists at NAARM, Hyderabad between 1st May to 6th May, 2000|
|Attended the CAS Training at TNAU,
Coimbatore from 06.11.02 to 26.11.02.|
|Recipient of the Professor T. N.
Ananthakrishnan Award 2006 for the contributions made in the field of
Dr S. Sithanantham Bio-control Award
for 2010-11 on the 25th April, 2012 during the “National
Symposium on Plant Protection in Horticultural Crops: Emerging
Challenges and Sustainable Pest Management” held at IIHR, Bangalore (25th
to 28th April, 2012).
|Received NBAIR Scientific Excellence Award 2015.
|Received ICAR Panjabrao Deshmukh Outstanding Woman
Agricultural Scientist Award 2015.
|Received partial travel
grants from CSIR, ICAR and the organizers - Beijing Academy of Sciences
for attending and presenting a research paper at the International
Symposium on mass production and commercialization of arthropod
biological control agents, October, 21-24, 2011, Beijing, China.
|Conferred with the
Fellowship of Association for Advancement
of Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems (AAPMHE)
on the 25th April, 2012 during the “National Symposium on
Plant Protection in Horticultural Crops: Emerging Challenges and
Sustainable Pest Management” held at IIHR, Bangalore (25th to
28th April, 2012).
|First rank holder for M Phil (Zoology)
under Calicut University
|Won the best paper award for a paper based on
Ph D work. Ballal, C. R. and Singh, S. P. (2001). Comparative studies on
pheromone trap catches of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) in sunflower and
pigeonpea ecosystems. pp. 177-179. In Biological Control - Contributed
papers - Proceedings of Symposium on Biocontrol Based Pest Management
for Quality Crop Protection in the Current Millennium (July 18-19, 2001)
at PAU, Ludhiana (Eds. Darshan Singh, M. S. Mahal, A. S. Sohi, V. K.
Dilawari, K. S. Brar and S. P. Singh), 224 pp.
|Admitted as the Fellow of Society for
Biocontrol Advancement (FSBA) on 26th May, 2006.
|Won the best paper award for a paper based
on Ph D student's work. Gupta, T. and Ballal, C. R.(2006). Feeding
preference of anthocorid predators for parasitised and un-parasitised
eggs.Presented at The National Symposium on
sucking pests Held at Institute of Agricultural Technologists, Bangalore
on June 26th and 27th, 2006
| Brief Achievements|
protocols for continuous production of Helicoverpa armigera by
designing rearing units/structures, and overcoming problems of
in-breeding depression and cannibalism
| Standardised procedures for continuous rearing of ichneumonid
parasitoids by identifying the optimum conditions for rearing, designing
the cages and defining methods for alleviating the male-biased sex ratio
technology for continuous production of anthocorid predators. Protocols
have been standardized for four potential anthocorid predators|
|Standardised mass multiplication methods
for host insects like Chilo partellus, Helicoverpa armigera,
Spodoptera litura and Spodoptera exigua. A multi-cellular
tray was designed for rearing of S. litura and H. armigera
and these trays have been supplied to insectaries, mass production
units and research laboratories. The cost of production of the host
insects have been documented.|
|Succeeded in quarantine screening three
exotic parasitoids larval parasitoids - Cotesia kazak, Hyposoter
didymator and Diadegma semiclausum (from Taiwan).|
|Conducted in-depth basic studies on
ichneumonid parasitoids like Campoletis chlorideae and
Eriborus argenteopilosus, braconid parasitoids like Cotesia
kazak, Chelonus blackburni, encyrtid parasitoids like Copidosoma
koehleri, scelionid parasitoids like Telenomus remus and on
different species of Trichogrammatids. The basic studies were focused on
understanding the optimum conditions for rearing and storage,
identifying the ideal host insect for rearing and methods to maintain
the quality of the bio-agents. Evaluated the behaviour and parasitising/predatory
efficiency of parasitoids and predators in the net house and field
conditions on different crops to standardize dosage and frequency of
|Host plant preference studies have led to
the identification of the host plants on which the natural enemy would
be most effective|
|Interaction studies between natural enemies
have led to the identification of the dominant or most effective species
when two occur together in an ecosystem|
|Conducted studies on the population
dynamics of H. armigera and its natural enemies in different crop
| Selected Publications|
Ballal, C. R.,
Gupta, T. and Poorani, J. (2010) Description of a new
species of Anthocoris (Hemiptera:
Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) from southern India, associated with
striped mealybug on purple orchid tree.
Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis
Pragae 50(2): 415-424.
|Gupta, T., Ballal, C. R.
and Joshi, S. (2011) Preferential feeding of an anthocorid predator
Blaptostethus pallescens on
different stages of cotton mealybug.
Journal of Environmental Entomology
| Ballal, C. R.,
Gupta, T. and Joshi, S. (2012) Predatory potential of two indigenous
anthocorid predators on Phenacoccus
solenopsis Tinsley and
Paracoccus marginatus Williams and Granara de Willink.
Journal of Biological Control
Gupta, T. and Joshi, S. (2012) Production protocols for and storage
efficacy of an anthocorid predator
Cardiastethus exiguus Poppius.
Journal of Environmental Entomology
| Ballal, C. R., Gupta, T., Joshi, S. and
Chandrashekhar, K. 2009.
Evaluation of an
Blaptostethus pallescens against two-spotted spider mite
Tetranychus urticae. Integrated Control in Protected Crops. IOBC /
WPRS Bulletin Castane C. and Perdikis, D. (Eds) 49: 127-132.|
|Ballal, C. R., Srinivasan, R. and Jalali, S. K. 2009. Evaluation of an endosulfan tolerant strain of Trichogramma chilonis on
cotton. Biocontrol 54(6): 723-732.|
| Ballal, C.
R. and Singh, S. P. 2006. Effect of two host plants of
Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) on the feeding potential of three
chrysopid predators – Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens),
Mallada boninensis (Okomoto) and Mallada astur (Banks).
Entomon, 31: 113-119.|
| Ballal, C.
R., Srinivasan, R. and Chandrashekhar B. 2005. Evaluation of
different production units in India. Journal of Biological
Control 19: 1-8.|
| Ballal, C. R. and Singh, S. P. 2003. The
effectiveness of Trichogramma chilonis Ishii, Trichogramma
pretiosum Riley and Trichogramma brasiliense (Ashmead)
(Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) as parasitoids of Helicoverpa
armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on sunflower (Helianthus
annuus L.) and redgram (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.).
Biocontrol Science and Technology, 13: 231-240|